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2014


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Finite-size scaling study of shear viscosity anomaly at liquid-liquid criticality

Roy, S., Das, S. K.

The Journal of Chemical Physics, 141(23), December 2014 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

2014


DOI [BibTex]


Probabilistic Progress Bars
Probabilistic Progress Bars

Kiefel, M., Schuler, C., Hennig, P.

In Conference on Pattern Recognition (GCPR), 8753, pages: 331-341, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, (Editors: Jiang, X., Hornegger, J., and Koch, R.), Springer, GCPR, September 2014 (inproceedings)

Abstract
Predicting the time at which the integral over a stochastic process reaches a target level is a value of interest in many applications. Often, such computations have to be made at low cost, in real time. As an intuitive example that captures many features of this problem class, we choose progress bars, a ubiquitous element of computer user interfaces. These predictors are usually based on simple point estimators, with no error modelling. This leads to fluctuating behaviour confusing to the user. It also does not provide a distribution prediction (risk values), which are crucial for many other application areas. We construct and empirically evaluate a fast, constant cost algorithm using a Gauss-Markov process model which provides more information to the user.

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website+code pdf DOI [BibTex]

website+code pdf DOI [BibTex]


Probabilistic Solutions to Differential Equations and their Application to Riemannian Statistics
Probabilistic Solutions to Differential Equations and their Application to Riemannian Statistics

Hennig, P., Hauberg, S.

In Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics, 33, pages: 347-355, JMLR: Workshop and Conference Proceedings, (Editors: S Kaski and J Corander), Microtome Publishing, Brookline, MA, AISTATS, April 2014 (inproceedings)

Abstract
We study a probabilistic numerical method for the solution of both boundary and initial value problems that returns a joint Gaussian process posterior over the solution. Such methods have concrete value in the statistics on Riemannian manifolds, where non-analytic ordinary differential equations are involved in virtually all computations. The probabilistic formulation permits marginalising the uncertainty of the numerical solution such that statistics are less sensitive to inaccuracies. This leads to new Riemannian algorithms for mean value computations and principal geodesic analysis. Marginalisation also means results can be less precise than point estimates, enabling a noticeable speed-up over the state of the art. Our approach is an argument for a wider point that uncertainty caused by numerical calculations should be tracked throughout the pipeline of machine learning algorithms.

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pdf Youtube Supplements Project page link (url) [BibTex]

pdf Youtube Supplements Project page link (url) [BibTex]


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Local Gaussian Regression

Meier, F., Hennig, P., Schaal, S.

arXiv preprint, March 2014, clmc (misc)

Abstract
Abstract: Locally weighted regression was created as a nonparametric learning method that is computationally efficient, can learn from very large amounts of data and add data incrementally. An interesting feature of locally weighted regression is that it can work with ...

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Web link (url) [BibTex]

Web link (url) [BibTex]


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Probabilistic ODE Solvers with Runge-Kutta Means

Schober, M., Duvenaud, D., Hennig, P.

In Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 27, pages: 739-747, (Editors: Z. Ghahramani, M. Welling, C. Cortes, N.D. Lawrence and K.Q. Weinberger), Curran Associates, Inc., 28th Annual Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems (NIPS), 2014 (inproceedings)

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Web link (url) [BibTex]

Web link (url) [BibTex]


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Active Learning of Linear Embeddings for Gaussian Processes

Garnett, R., Osborne, M., Hennig, P.

In Proceedings of the 30th Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence, pages: 230-239, (Editors: NL Zhang and J Tian), AUAI Press , Corvallis, Oregon, UAI2014, 2014, another link: http://arxiv.org/abs/1310.6740 (inproceedings)

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PDF Web [BibTex]

PDF Web [BibTex]


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Probabilistic Shortest Path Tractography in DTI Using Gaussian Process ODE Solvers

Schober, M., Kasenburg, N., Feragen, A., Hennig, P., Hauberg, S.

In Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention – MICCAI 2014, Lecture Notes in Computer Science Vol. 8675, pages: 265-272, (Editors: P. Golland, N. Hata, C. Barillot, J. Hornegger and R. Howe), Springer, Heidelberg, MICCAI, 2014 (inproceedings)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Sampling for Inference in Probabilistic Models with Fast Bayesian Quadrature

Gunter, T., Osborne, M., Garnett, R., Hennig, P., Roberts, S.

In Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 27, pages: 2789-2797, (Editors: Z. Ghahramani, M. Welling, C. Cortes, N.D. Lawrence and K.Q. Weinberger), Curran Associates, Inc., 28th Annual Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems (NIPS), 2014 (inproceedings)

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Web link (url) [BibTex]

Web link (url) [BibTex]


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Ultracompact Three-Dimensional Tubular Conductivity Microsensors for Ionic and Biosensing Applications

Martinez-Cisneros, C. S., Sanchez, S., Schmidt, O. G., Xi, W.

Nano Letters, pages: 2219-2224, American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, 2014 (article)

Abstract
We present ultracompact three-dimensional tubular structures integrating Au-based electrodes as impedimetric microsensors for the in-flow determination of mono- and divalent ionic species and HeLa cells. The microsensors show an improved performance of 2 orders of magnitude (limit of detection \textequals 0.1 nM for KCl) compared to conventional planar conductivity detection systems integrated in microfluidic platforms and the capability to detect single HeLa cells in flowing phosphate buffered saline. These highly integrated conductivity tubular sensors thus open new possibilities for lab-in-a-tube devices for bioapplications such as biosensing and bioelectronics.

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Catalytic nanomotors for environmental monitoring and water remediation

Soler, L., Sanchez, S.

Nanoscale, 6(13):7175-7182, 2014 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Proton-proton collisions at ultra-relativistic energies in quark-gluon string model

Bravina, L., Bleibel, J., Malinina, L., Nilsson, M. S., Zabrodin, E.

EPJ Web of Conferences, 70, EDP Sciences, Les Ulis, 2014 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Hydrodynamic interactions induce anomalous diffusion under partial confinement

Bleibel, J., Dominguez, A., Günther, F., Harting, J., Oettel, M.

Soft Matter, 10(17):2945-2948, Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, UK, 2014 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Clay nanotube encapsulation for functional biocomposites

Lvov, Y., Aerov, Artem A., Aerov, A. A., Fakhrullin, R.

Advances in Colloid and Interface Science, 207, pages: 189-198, 2014 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Wetting phenomena in electrolyte solutions

Ibagon, I.

Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, 2014 (phdthesis)

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link (url) [BibTex]

link (url) [BibTex]


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Control of Self-Propelled Microjets Inside a Microchannel With Time-Varying Flow Rates

Magdanz, V., Sanchez, S., Schmidt, O. G., Khalil, I. S. M., Misra, S.

IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation, pages: 49-58, IEEE, New York, NY, 2014 (article)

Abstract
We demonstrate the closed-loop motion control of self-propelled microjets inside a fluidic microchannel. The motion control of the microjets is achieved in hydrogen peroxide solution with time-varying flow rates, under the influence of the controlled magnetic fields and the self-propulsion force. Magnetic dipole mo- ment of the microjets is characterized using the U-turn and the rotating field techniques. The characterized magnetic dipole mo- ment has an average of 1.4 $\times$ 10 \textminus 13 A.m 2 at magnetic field, linear velocity, and boundary frequency of 2 mT, 100 $\mu$ m/s, and 25 rad/s, respectively. We implement a closed-loop control system that is based on the characterized magnetic dipole moment of the mi- crojets. This closed-loop control system positions the microjets by directing the magnetic field lines toward the reference position. Experiments are done using a magnetic system and a fluidic mi- crochannel with a width of 500 $\mu$ m. In the absence of a fluid flow, our control system positions the microjets at an average velocity and within an average region-of-convergence (ROC) of 119 $\mu$ m/s and 390 $\mu$ m, respectively. As a representative case, we observe that our control system positions the microjets at an average velocity and within an average ROC of 90 $\mu$ m/s and 600 $\mu$ m and 120 $\mu$ m/s and 600 $\mu$ m when a flow rate of 2.5 $\mu$ l/min is applied against and along the direction of the microjets, respectively. Furthermore, the average velocity and ROC are determined throughout the flow range (0 to 7.5 $\mu$ l/min) to characterize the motion of the microjets inside the microchannel

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Electrostatic interaction between colloidal particles trapped at an electrolyte interface

Majee, A., Bier, M., Dietrich, S.

The Journal of Chemical Physics, 140(16), American Institute of Physics, Woodbury, N.Y., 2014 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Capillary attraction induced collapse of colloidal monolayers at fluid interfaces

Bleibel, J., Dominguez, A., Oettel, M., Dietrich, S.

Soft Matter, 10(23):4091-4109, Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, UK, 2014 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Trapping self-propelled micromotors with microfabricated chevron and heart-shaped chips

Restrepo-Pérez, L., Soler, L., Mart\’\inez-Cisneros, C. S., Sanchez, S., Schmidt, O. G.

Lab on a Chip, 14(9):1515-1518, 2014 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Order of wetting transitions in electrolyte solutions

Ibagon, I., Bier, M., Dietrich, S.

The Journal of Chemical Physics, 140(17), American Institute of Physics, Woodbury, N.Y., 2014 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Specific salt effects on thermophoresis of charged colloids

Eslahian, K. A., Majee, A., Maskos, M., Würger, A.

Soft Matter, 10(12):1931-1936, 2014 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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H5MD: A structured, efficient, and portable file format for molecular data

De Buyl, P., Colberg, P. H., Höfling, F.

Computer Physics Communications, 185(6):1546-1553, 2014 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Emergent Long-Range Couplings in Arrays of Fluid Cells

Abraham, D. B., Maciolek, A., Vasilyev, O.

Physical Review Letters, 113(7), American Physical Society, Woodbury, N.Y., 2014 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Effective interaction between a colloid and a soft interface near criticality

Law, A. D., Harnau, L., Tröndle, M., Dietrich, S.

The Journal of Chemical Physics, 141(13), 2014 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Tubular micro- nanorobots: smart design for bio-related applications

Sanchez, S., Wang, X., Solovev, A. A., Soler, L., Magdanz, V., Schmidt, O. G.

In Small-Scale Robotics, 8336, pages: 16-27, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer, Karlsruhe, 2014 (inproceedings)

Abstract
We designed microrobots in the form of autonomous and remotely guided microtubes. One of the challenges at small scales is the effective conversion of energy into mechanical force to overcome the high viscosity of the fluid at low Reynolds numbers. This can be achieved by integration of catalytic nano-materials and processes to decompose chemical fuels. However, up to now, mostly hydrogen peroxide has been employed as a fuel which renders the potential applications in biomedicine and in vivo experiments. Therefore, other sources of energy to achieve motion at the micro- nanoscale are highly sought-after. Here, we present different types of tubular micro- and nanorobots, alternative approaches to toxic fuels and also, steps towards the use of tubular microrobots as micro- and nanotools

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Photoactive rolled-up TiO2 microtubes: fabrition, characterization and applications

Giuducatti, S., Marz, S. M., Soler, L., Madani, A., Jorgensen, M. R., Sanchez, S., Schmidt, O. G.

Journal of Materials Chemistry C: Materials for Optical and Electronic Devices, pages: 5892-5901, Royal Society of Chemistry, London, UK, 2014 (article)

Abstract
Because of its unique properties, titania (TiO2) represents a promising candidate in a wide variety of research fields. In this paper, some of the properties and potential applications of titania within rolled-up nanotechnology are explored. It is shown how the structural and optical properties of rolled titania microtubes can be controlled by properly tuning the microfabrication parameters. The rolling up of titania films on different sacrificial layers and containing different shapes, achieving a control on the diameter of the fabricated titania microtubes, is presented. In order to obtain the more photoactive crystalline form of titania, one during-fabrication and two post-fabrication methods are demonstrated. Interesting applications in the fields of photocatalysis and photonics are suggested: the use of titania rolled-up microtubes as micromotors and optical microresonators is presented.

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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How ions in solution can change the sign of the critical Casimir potential

Pousaneh, F., Ciach, A., Maciolek, A.

Soft Matter, 10(3):470-483, Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, UK, 2014 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Critical Casimir interactions around the consolute point of a binary solvent

Mohry, T. F., Kondrat, S., Maciolek, A., Dietrich, S.

Soft Matter, 10(30):5510-5522, 2014 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Collapse and reversibility of the superhydrophobic state on nanotextured surfaces

Checco, A., Ocko, B. M., Rahman, A., Black, C. T., Tasinkevych, M., Giacomello, A., Dietrich, S.

Physical Review Letters, 112(21), American Physical Society., Woodbury, N.Y., etc., 2014 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Density functional theory of electrowetting

Bier, M., Ibagon, I.

Physical Review E, 89(4), American Physical Society, Melville, NY, 2014 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Incremental Local Gaussian Regression

Meier, F., Hennig, P., Schaal, S.

In Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 27, pages: 972-980, (Editors: Z. Ghahramani, M. Welling, C. Cortes, N.D. Lawrence and K.Q. Weinberger), 28th Annual Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems (NIPS), 2014, clmc (inproceedings)

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PDF link (url) [BibTex]

PDF link (url) [BibTex]


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Alignment of cylindrical colloids near chemically patterned substrates induced by critical Casimir torques

Labbe-Laurent, M., Tröndle, M., Harnau, L., Dietrich, S.

Soft Matter, 10(13):2270-2291, Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, UK, 2014 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Heat transfer between anisotropic nanoparticles: Enhancement and switching

Incardone, R., Emig, T., Krüger, M.

Europhysics Letters, 106(4), 2014 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Rolled-up Functionalized Nanomembranes as Three-Dimensional Cavities for Single Cell Studies

Xi, W., Schmidt, C., Sanchez, S., Gracias, D., Carazo-Salas, R., Jackson, S., Schmidt, O. G.

Nano Letters, 14(8):4197-4204, American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, 2014 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Cosmology in a petri dish? Simulation of collective dynamics of colloids at fluid interfaces

Bleibel, J.

In EPJ Web of Conferences, 70, EDP Sciences, 2014 (inproceedings)

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DOI [BibTex]


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Dispersions of ellipsoidal particles in a nematic liquid crystal

Tasinkevych, M., Mondiot, F., Mondain-Monval, O., Loudet, J. C.

Soft Matter, 10(12):2047-2058, Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, UK, 2014 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Critical Casimir interactions between spherical particles in the presence of bulk ordering fields

Vasilyev, O.

Physical Review E, 90, American Physical Society, Melville, NY, 2014 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Towards Template-Assisted Assembly of Nematic Colloids

Silvestre, N. M., Liu, Q., Senyuk, B., Smalyukh, I. I., Tasinkevych, M.

Physical Review Letters, 112(22), American Physical Society, Woodbury, N.Y., 2014 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Efficient Bayesian Local Model Learning for Control

Meier, F., Hennig, P., Schaal, S.

In Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, pages: 2244 - 2249, IROS, 2014, clmc (inproceedings)

Abstract
Model-based control is essential for compliant controland force control in many modern complex robots, like humanoidor disaster robots. Due to many unknown and hard tomodel nonlinearities, analytical models of such robots are oftenonly very rough approximations. However, modern optimizationcontrollers frequently depend on reasonably accurate models,and degrade greatly in robustness and performance if modelerrors are too large. For a long time, machine learning hasbeen expected to provide automatic empirical model synthesis,yet so far, research has only generated feasibility studies butno learning algorithms that run reliably on complex robots.In this paper, we combine two promising worlds of regressiontechniques to generate a more powerful regression learningsystem. On the one hand, locally weighted regression techniquesare computationally efficient, but hard to tune due to avariety of data dependent meta-parameters. On the other hand,Bayesian regression has rather automatic and robust methods toset learning parameters, but becomes quickly computationallyinfeasible for big and high-dimensional data sets. By reducingthe complexity of Bayesian regression in the spirit of local modellearning through variational approximations, we arrive at anovel algorithm that is computationally efficient and easy toinitialize for robust learning. Evaluations on several datasetsdemonstrate very good learning performance and the potentialfor a general regression learning tool for robotics.

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PDF link (url) DOI [BibTex]

PDF link (url) DOI [BibTex]


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Biocompatible, accurate, and fully autonomous: a sperm-driven micro-bio-robot

Khalil, I. S. M., Magdanz, V., Sanchez, S., Schmidt, O. G., Misra, S.

Journal of Micro-Bio Robotics, 9(3-4):79-86, 2014 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Stimuli-Responsive Microjets with Reconfigurable Shape

Magdanz, V., Stoychev, G., Ionov, L., Sanchez, S., Schmidt, O. G.

Angewandte Chemie International Edition : a journal of the Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker, 53, pages: 2673-2677, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2014 (article)

Abstract
Flexible thermoresponsive polymeric microjets are formed by the self-folding of polymeric layers containing a thin Pt film used as catalyst for self-propulsion in solutions containing hydrogen peroxide. The flexible microjets can reversibly fold and unfold in an accurate manner by applying changes in temperature to the solution in which they are immersed. This effect allows microjets to rapidly start and stop multiple times by controlling the radius of curvature of the microjet. This work opens many possibilities in the field of artificial nanodevices, for fundamental studies on self-propulsion at the microscale, and also for bio related applications.

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Effect of surfactants on the performance of tubular and spherical micromotors –a comparative study

Simmchen, J., Magdanz, V., Sanchez, S., Chokmaviroj, S., Ruiz-Molina, D., Baeza, A., Schmidt, O. G.

RSC Advances, 4(39):20334-20340, Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, UK, 2014 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Rolled-up Functionalized Nanomembranes as Three-Dimensional Cavities for Single Cell Studies

Xi, W., Schmidt, C. K., Sanchez, S., Gracias, D. H., Carazo-Salas, R. E., Jackson, S. P., Schmidt, O. G.

Nano Letters, 14(2):4197-4204, American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, 2014 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Wireless Magnetic-Based Closed-Loop Control of Self-Propelled Microjets

Khalil, I. S. M., Magdanz, V., Sanchez, S., Schmidt, O. G., Misra, S.

PLoS One, 9(2), Public Library of Science, San Francisco, CA, 2014 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Trajectory to trajectory fluctuations in first-passage phenomena in bounded domains

Mattos, Thiago G., Mejia-Monasterio, Carlos, Metzler, Ralf, Oshanin, Gleb, Schehr, G.

In First-passage phenomena and their applications, pages: 203-225, World Scientific Publishing, Singapore, 2014 (incollection)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Topological Polymer Dispersed Liquid Crystals with Bulk Nematic Defect Lines Pinned to Handlebody Surfaces

Campbell, M. G., Tasinkevych, M., Smalyukh, I. I.

Physical Review Letters, 112(19), American Physical Society, Woodbury, N.Y., 2014 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Periodic dynamics, localization metastability, and elastic interaction of colloidal particles with confining surfaces and helicoidal structure of cholesteric liquid crystals

Varney, M. C. M., Zhang, QX, Tasinkevych, M., Silvestre, N. M., Bertness, K. A., Smalyukh, I. I.

Physical Review E, 90(6), American Physical Society, Melville, NY, 2014 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Dynamik einer fast-kritischen binären Flüssigkeit in zwei Dimensionen

Maisch, J.

Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, 2014 (mastersthesis)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Brownsche Bewegung schraubenförmiger Nanoteilchen

Gehrmann, C.

Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, 2014 (mastersthesis)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]