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Chiroptical spectroscopy of a freely diffusing single nanoparticle




Chiral plasmonic nanoparticles can exhibit strong chiroptical signals compared to the corresponding molecular response. Observations are, however, generally restricted to measurements on stationary single particles with a fixed orientation, which complicates the spectral analysis. Here, we report the spectroscopic observation of a freely diffusing single chiral nanoparticle in solution. By acquiring time-resolved circular differential scattering signals we show that the spectral interpretation is significantly simplified. We experimentally demonstrate the equivalence between time-averaged chiral spectra observed for an individual nanostructure and the corresponding ensemble spectra, and thereby demonstrate the ergodic principle for chiroptical spectroscopy. We also show how it is possible for an achiral particle to yield an instantaneous chiroptical response, whereas the time-averaged signals are an unequivocal measure of chirality. Time-resolved chiroptical spectroscopy on a freely moving chiral nanoparticle advances the field of single-particle spectroscopy, and is a means to obtain the true signature of the nanoparticle’s chirality.

Author(s): Sachs, Johannes and Günther, Jan-Philipp and Mark, Andrew G. and Fischer, Peer
Journal: Nature Communications
Volume: 11
Number (issue): 4513
Year: 2020
Month: September
Day: 6

Department(s): Micro, Nano, and Molecular Systems
Bibtex Type: Article (article)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-18166-5
URL: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-020-18166-5


  title = {Chiroptical spectroscopy of a freely diffusing single nanoparticle},
  author = {Sachs, Johannes and G{\"u}nther, Jan-Philipp and Mark, Andrew G. and Fischer, Peer},
  journal = {Nature Communications},
  volume = {11},
  number = {4513},
  month = sep,
  year = {2020},
  url = {https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-020-18166-5},
  month_numeric = {9}